Kabadi – South Asian team sport

Whenever my brothers and I went to visit our grandparents in the village of Kumbakonam, India all the family and friends get together in their groups. Watching my anna (elder brother) and his friends play kabadi was my favourite past time when I was kid. It was an interesting sport but some times it turned out violent. Mostly, I remember the sound ‘ Kabadi kabadi kabadi’. The below is quoted way of how the game is played.

Kabadi is a team sport, played mostly in South Asia. The word ‘Kabadi’ is derived from a Hindi word that means, ‘holding your breath,’ which is the activity that underlies all games of Kabadi. It is most often played in underwear (Shorts) in villages and in track suits in tournaments. Kabadi was one of the demonstration games at Asiad ’82.

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How to Play

Number of teams                            : 2

Number of Players per Team     : 12

Number of Players in court         : 7

Number of Players in reserve     : 5

Dimensions of the Court                : 12.50m x 10m, divided by a line into two halves

Timing                                                   : Two 20 minute halves, with a break of five minutes

Criteria                                                  : On the basis of age-group and weight

Referee’s                                               : 7 (1 referee, 2 umpires, 2 linesmen, 1 time keeper and 1 scorer )
The side winning the toss sends a ‘raider’, who enters the opponents court murmuring continuously, ‘Kabadi – Kabadi’ in one breath. The raider’s aim is to touch anyone or more players on the opposing side, and return to his court without losing that breath. The person, whom the raider touches, will be out. The aim of the opposing team will be to hold the raider, and stop him from returning to his own court, until he takes another breath. If the raider cannot return to his court in the same breath while murmuring ‘Kabadi – Kabadi’, he will be declared out. Each team sends a player alternatively into the opponents’ court. If a player goes out of the boundary line during the course of the play, or if any part of his body touches the ground outside the boundary, he will be out, except during a struggle.

The team scores a lona (a bonus of two points), if the entire opposition is declared out. The game then continues by putting all the players on both sides.

Matches are staged on the basis of age-groups and weight. Seven officials supervise a match – one referee, two umpires, two linesmen, one time keeper and a scorer.

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Types of Kabadi
In India, Three forms of Kabadi are played, they are
  • Surjeevani
  • Gaminee
  • Amar (Punjab Style)The ‘Surjeevani‘ form of Kabadi is played under the Kabadi Federation of India, and is governed by its rules and regulations. In the ‘Surjeevani’ form of Kabadi, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out. i.e. one out, one in. The duration of the game, the numbers of players, dimensions of the court, etc. have been fixed by the Kabadi Federation of India.

In the ‘Gaminee‘ type of Kabadi, there is no revival. When all the players of team are out, the game ends. So there is no time limit in this category.

In the ‘Amar‘ form of Kabadi, whenever any player is touched (out), he does not go out of the court, but stays inside, and one point is awarded to the team that touched him. In this way, one point for each touches for the opposite team, i.e. to the team who touches the anti player. This game is also played on a time basis, i.e. the time is fixed.

In the northern part of the India, like Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi, Kabadi is played in a circle. This is known as ‘Circle Kabadi’ or Amar Kabadi. If it is played without a court, as in some places, it’s called ‘Goongi Kabadi’. The Goongi Kabadi is nothing but wrestling between two players.

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Worldwide Recognition for Kabadi
The first World Kabadi Championship in the history of the game, was organised in Hamilton when approximately 14,000 people packed Copps Coliseum, to watch stars from India, Pakistan, Canada, England, and the United States compete.

The Kabadi Federation of India (KFI) was founded in 1950, and it compiled a standard set of rules. The Amateur Kabadi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. The AKFI has given new shape to the rules, and it has also the rights of modification in the rules. The Asian Kabadi Federation was founded under the chairmanship of Mr. Sharad Pawar (Maharashtra).

Some of the Arjuna Award winners are Sh. Sadanand Mahadeo Shetty, Sh. Sadanand Mahadeo Shetty, Sh. Shakuntla Panghar Kholavakar, Sh. Shantaram Jaatu, Kumari Monika Nath, Kumari Maya Kashi Nath, Rama Sarkar etc.

Source: http://www.traditionalgames.in/home/outdoor-games/kabadi-kapat

Prad

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Angapradhakshanam

Whenever I go on holidays to India with parents, there is always a temple trip. India trip wont be a fulfilling one without visiting some ancient temples and getting to know  its  history and specialities. Either visiting the kulam deivam or on the way to relative’s house, we drop by a temple.

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Most of the huge and popular temples draw devotees who do Angapradhakshanam. I thought it to be a silly deed till I found the significance behind it. People rolling Continue reading

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Offering of fruits to the Hindu deity

Temple visits are not compulsory but whenever visiting the temple one must buy a basket full of goodies to offer to the Lord. This ritual is very common in the South part of India.

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Kutty (little) Kannan

I originally found this painting on Facebook and got attached to it ever since. I thought it would be good share on my blog.

Little Kannan

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Yesterday was such a random day however while I was in search of a treasure I felt double lucky. Found 2 rainbows floating in the sky. I was wondering how this occurs and did some research.

Nature and its colours

Nature and its colours

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Making of ‘Mor Milagaai’ – Sun dried chillies

If, you have been following my blogs regularly you can make out what ‘Mor Milagaai’ means. I made a blog called ‘neer more’ and another one named ‘milagaai podi’. ‘Mor/more/moru’ meaning sour/butter milk or curd and ‘Milagaai’ is chilli. This post will be a video log + photo log of how to make this kind of a food item.

Aside: I was taught not to start a sentence with ‘If’ or ‘But’, but who follow these rules nowadays 😉

Mor milagaai

Mor milagaai

A little bit about ‘mor milagaai’:

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Turkish Mosque on the horizon

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If you are one of those people who have garments made of silk in your wardrobe then this post will be helpful to you.

Silk

 

Beautiful, resplendent and exquisite. Your pure silks always make you feel special. Pure silk product is a labour of love of the sericulture farmer, silk reeler and twister, the artisans including the weaver. This work of art is precious, care for it.

I always put my silks for dry cleaning but nowadays the washing machines come with a steam option for silk. Some of these techniques might not take away your dirt on your silk  material. I tried out many things and here are some of my best tips.

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  • Use soft water for washing
  • Use good neutral soap-flakes or soap solution
  • Light detergent may be used in case of hard water
  • Use luke warm water for cleaning by gentle kneading
  • To remove soiled spots, rinse 2 or 3 times in warm water
  • Iron with low to medium temperature but not on the print
  • After wearing, dry it in shade to remove sweat
  • Wrap with brown paper or white cotton cloth to protect silks from insects, dust, moisture and to avoid blackening of material
  • Use silica gel sachets in storage racks.

Prad 🙂

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Here it goes—>

Photo taken on my LG optimus black

Photo taken on my LG optimus black

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Firstly, I would like to wish everyone a Happy Pongal!!

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Last year this time I made a blog for Pongal festival. See the link below:
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I have defined the festival and why the celebration.

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